2014 Global Slavery Index


This is the second edition of the Global Slavery Index, the flagship report of the Walk Free Foundation. The Global Slavery Index estimates the number of people in modern slavery in 167 countries. It is a tool for citizens, non government organisations, businesses and public officials to understand the size of the problem, existing responses and contributing factors, so they can build sound policies that will end modern slavery.

What is modern slavery?

Different countries use different terminology to describe modern forms of slavery, including the term slavery itself, but also other concepts such as human trafficking, forced labour, debt bondage, forced or servile marriage, and the sale and exploitation of children.
1All of these crimes share some common features. For the purpose of the Index, modern slavery involves one person possessing or controlling another person in such as a way as to significantly deprive that person of their individual liberty, with the intention of exploiting that person through their use, management, profit, transfer or disposal.
The Walk Free Foundation definition of modern slavery encompasses the definitions outlined in the box below:

Modern Slavery

1. Recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons;

2. By means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person (these means are not required in the case of children);

3. With the intent of exploiting that person through:
Prostitution of others;
Sexual exploitation;
Forced labour;
Slavery (or similar practices);
Servitude; and
Removal of organs.
(UN Trafficking Protocol, 2000)

The status or condition of a person over whom any or all of the powers attaching to the right of ownership are exercised.
Includes slavery-like practices: debt bondage, forced or servile marriage, sale or exploitation of children (including in armed conflict) and descent-based slavery.
(The Slavery Convention (1926) and Supplementary Slavery Convention (1956))

All work or service which is exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty and for which the said person has not offered himself voluntarily.
(ILO Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29))


Direct link to the survey [.pdf ahead]:

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